The brain is structured like a road, and the drivers are substances called neurotransmitters. The main function of a neurotransmitter is to communicate chemical messages. Neurotransmitters do so by docking on a receptor site, similarly to key in a lock. Some neurotransmitters fit certain receptor sites and when a neurotransmitter matches on a receptor site it will instruct that site on what to do.
When the opioids bind themselves with receptors, they increase the dopamine levels in the brain’s reward system. It is the system that instructs humans to do more things that are useful or pleasurable for the self. For example, when you eat sweet like chocolate, you will have the same feeling of satisfaction and happiness which makes you want to taste again.
When opioids like Fentanyl mess up the brain’s reward system and affects the brain are similar to heroin, but even more powerful, and in addition to euphoria and relaxation. It means that there are no real stimuli that triggered the feeling of satisfaction or happiness in a person and other indications of the consequences of Fentanyl can involve nausea, drowsiness, sedation, disorientation, respiratory depression, respiratory arrest, unconsciousness, and even death
Signs And Symptoms Of Fentanyl Abuse
Fentanyl is one that is commonly abused, both intentionally and unintentionally. There are some important physical, emotional, mental, and behavioral changes that set in when one develops a chemical dependency and it can be detected in a person’s behavior and bodily state and fentanyl may demonstrate many signs and symptoms, including the following
Behavioral Signs And Symptoms Of Fentanyl Addiction
Statistics Of Fentanyl Addiction
According to statistics collected by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the yearly rate of death from synthetic opioids along with fentanyl and synthetic derivatives of fentanyl raised by 80% between 2013 and 2014. The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) has stated that within the period of 20-year in 1991 and 2011, the annual estimate of painkiller prescriptions recorded in the United States rose from 76 million to 219 million, an addition of more than 288%. In 2013 and 2014, more than 13 million painkiller medicines were written for fentanyl. The American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM), the annual number of deaths among women that were addicted to prescription painkiller overdose increased by more than 400% through the initial decade of the 21st century.
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