Causes and symptoms of the most common eye diseases

  Janice  Ferdinand    March 6, 2022    77

 

Eye diseases are some of the most common health conditions in the world. Millions of people are affected by them every year, and many more go undiagnosed. There are a variety of different eye diseases, each with their own unique causes and symptoms. Wearing sunglasses in Sri Lanka that block ultraviolet (UV) rays may help prevent or reduce the progression of cataracts. Because ultraviolet B rays are particularly hazardous to your eyes, it's critical to look for sunglasses online in Sri Lanka or contact lenses Sri Lanka that provide this level of protection. While spectacle frames in Sri Lanka and sunglasses will not cure cataracts, they will help to reduce the blurriness and pain associated with the condition. Some aspects of cataract sunglasses may even help to keep the problem from getting worse.

 

  1. Cataracts

Cataracts are a common eye disease that can cause blurred vision and sensitivity to light. They are caused by a build-up of protein on the lens of the eye, which eventually leads to clouding. Cataracts can often be treated with surgery, but in some cases, they may also need to be removed.

 

Causes of cataracts include:

  • Age
  • Exposure to UV light
  • Smoking
  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension

 

Symptoms of cataracts include:

  • Blurred vision
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Halos around lights
  • Changes in eyeglass prescription on a regular basis
  • feeling as though you are looking through a foggy or cloudy lens.

 

The treatment options available for cataracts are surgery and, in some cases, removal of the lens.

 

Prevention tips for cataracts include:

  • Wear sunglasses that protect from UV light.
  • Staying away from smoking
  • Controlling blood pressure
  • Regular eye exams to detect cataracts early

 

  1. Glaucoma

Glaucoma is another common eye disease that affects millions of people each year. It is caused by an increase in fluid pressure inside the eye, which can damage the optic nerve. Glaucoma often has no symptoms until significant damage has been done, so it is important to get regular eye exams. The only way to treat glaucoma is with medication or surgery to reduce the pressure on the eye. There is no cure for glaucoma, but early detection and treatment can help preserve vision.

 

Glaucoma is caused by:

  • A build-up of pressure inside the eye
  • Damage to the optic nerve
  • A family history of glaucoma
  • Previous eye injury or surgery
  • Certain medical conditions, such as diabetes and high blood pressure,

 

Symptoms of glaucoma include:

  • Blurred vision
  • Halos around lights
  • Pain in the eyes
  • Redness in the eyes

 

Some preventive measures that can be taken for glaucoma include:

  • Wear sunglasses that protect from UV light.
  • Staying away from smoking
  • Controlling blood pressure
  • Regular eye exams to detect glaucoma early on

 

When it comes to this eye disease, early detection is key, and oftentimes symptoms can go unnoticed for a long time.

 

  1. Conjunctivitis, or pink eye

Conjunctivitis is a highly contagious infection of the eyes that is very common among children. It is caused by a virus, bacteria, or allergen.

 

Symptoms of conjunctivitis include:

  • Eyes that itch and burn
  • Watering eyes
  • Redness in the whites of the eyes
  • Swollen eyelids
  • Blurred vision

 

Treatment for conjunctivitis includes:

  • Resting the eyes
  • Applying cold compresses to soothe the eyes
  • Hand washing should be done on a regular basis to prevent the spread of infection.
  • Using doctor-prescribed antibiotic or antiviral eye drops or ointment

 

Preventive measures that can be taken for conjunctivitis include:

  • Avoiding close contact with those who have already got conjunctivitis
  • Wash your hands regularly and often.
  • Disinfecting home surfaces that the infection may have spread to
  • Use over-the-counter saline eye drops to flush out any allergens or irritants.

 

  1. Age-related macular degeneration

The most common cause of blindness in adults is age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in adults over the age of 60. It is a progressive disease that damages the macula, which is located in the centre of the retina. This part of the eye is responsible for clear vision.

 

Symptoms of AMD include:

  • Blurred vision
  • Distorted vision
  • Dark spots in your field of vision
  • A decrease in colour intensity perception

 

There is no known cure for AMD. However, there are treatments that can help slow the progression of the disease. Treatment options include:

  • Medication
  • Laser surgery
  • Intraocular injections

 

Preventive measures that can be taken to lower your risk of developing AMD include:

  • Quitting smoking
  • Maintaining a healthy diet rich in antioxidants and omega-fatty acids
  • Exercises regularly
  • Wearing sunglasses that protect against UV light exposure

 

  1. Dry eyes

Dry eyes can be caused by many different factors, including age, allergies, and contact lenses, as well as environmental factors such as wind and smoke. Symptoms of dry eyes include:

  • A gritty sensation in the eyes
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Burning or stinging sensations
  • Watery eyes

 

Treatment for dry eyes includes artificial tears, which are lubricants that can be bought over the counter, and prescription medications. Environmental measures that can help relieve symptoms of dry eyes include using a humidifier and wearing sunglasses.

 

If you are using contact lenses, make sure to use a lubricating eye drop every time you put your contacts in and take them out.

 

These are just some of the most common eye diseases. As mentioned earlier, the symptoms of each disease vary depending on the individual and the severity of the disease. It is important to consult an eye doctor if you are experiencing any unusual symptoms in your eyes.

 

Preventive measures for all these diseases include regular eye exams, quitting smoking, and protecting your eyes from UV radiation. As we age, our risk of developing some type of eye disease increases. Therefore, it is important to get regular eye exams as we get older. This will help identify any potential problems early on so that treatment can be started if needed.

 

Quitting smoking is also very important for maintaining healthy eyes. Cigarette smoke contains many harmful chemicals that can damage the optic nerve and lead to vision loss and can be a major risk factor for developing age-related macular degeneration.

 

Finally, protecting your eyes from UV radiation is important to prevent eye disease. Too much exposure to UV radiation can increase the risk of developing cataracts and other vision problems. Wearing sunglasses that block 100% of UVA and UVB rays is one way to protect your eyes from the sun’s harmful rays.


 Article keywords:
Spectacles online in Sri Lanka, Spectacle frames Sri Lanka , contact lenses Sri Lanka

 


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