Artificial insemination is a simple and cheap medical procedure that is commonly used in the treatment of infertility. AI or artificial insemination is just one of those options that may be considered prior to attempting more involved treatments, like IVF. It refers to the method that involves placement of the sperm into the female reproductive tract by artificial way. In majority of the cases, the husband's sperm is used. Advanced techniques like IVF, ICSI or donor insemination might have to be careful in some cases where the attempts are not fruitful.
The woman's menstrual rotation is closely observed, using ovulation kits, ultrasounds or blood tests. When an ovum is out, semen from a donor is inserted into her body. Just as with in vitro fertilization, the male donor is suggested not to ejaculate for a few days before the procedure. This is to make sure a higher sperm count. After the donation the sperm must immediately be washed in a laboratory. Artificial insemination has become an important issue in recent years, mainly in debates revolving around surrogate parenting. Legal issues have arisen in cases where the gestational mother decides to keep the child. Similarly, there have been debates over the rights of sperm donors.
Is artificial insemination safe?
Artificial insemination can help to conceive if someone has a sperm allergy or if the partner has a low sperm count or poor sperm motility, which means that his sperm cannot make the long journey to the egg. Artificial insemination can also help couples with a mysterious fertility problem. To improve the odds of becoming pregnant, the doctors probably ask to have a fertility drug before undergoing artificial insemination. Start taking the drug near the beginning of the menstrual cycle to stimulate the ovaries to develop several mature eggs for fertility.
The insemination takes less than an hour, but one may be on fertility drugs for about a week before ovulating. Success rates depend on the person and the partner's fertility problem and the age. For many couples, artificial insemination is the first step in treatment because it is less invasive and less expensive than assisted reproductive technology treatments like in vitro fertilization. Also, couples with male fertility troubles have an easier time conceiving through artificial insemination than during just timing intercourse.